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Title: Vocational Certainty and Career Factors in Students of two Northwestern Universities of Mexico
Certeza vocacional y factores de carrera en estudiantes de dos universidades del noroeste de México
Keywords: vocational certainty
higher education
career factors
structural modeling
northwest Mexico
certeza vocacional
educación superior
factores de carrera
modelamiento estructural
noroeste de México
Publisher: Consorcio de Universidades Mexicanas A.C.
Description: Choosing a career is a fundamental decision-making process with implications for the future development of adolescents. Adolescents are immersed in a continually transforming world where skill development is continuous. The main objective of this study was to explore a causal model of vocational certainty (CV) predicted by cognitive and emotional career factors (FC) in students from two different institutions in northwestern Mexico. Further, CV and FC profiles of each sample were compared. Sociodemographic variables (such as gender, type of career option, employment status, having completed courses or subjects of vocational guidance during high school, university and career in which he studies) were also included in the model. Based on structural equation modeling (n= 248 higher education students), results showed that career factors were informed by career information and anxiety. In turn, career choice explained 55% of vocational certainty variability. Additionally, differences were found between the vocational profiles in students from the two different universities. These results contribute evidence highlighting the importance of measuring relevant variables in the study of career decision making.
La elección de carrera es un proceso de toma de decisiones fundamental para el desarrollo futuro de los adolescentes, inmersos en un mundo de continua transformación y donde el desarrollo de habilidades de formación continua está presente. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron explorar un modelo que explique la Certeza Vocacional (CV) a partir de Factores de Carrera (FC), cognoscitivos y emocionales, en estudiantes de dos instituciones del noroeste de México, además de comparar los perfiles de CV y FC de ambas muestras por variables sociodemográficas (como género, tipo de opción de la carrera, condición laboral, haber realizado cursos o materias de orientación vocacional durante el bachillerato, universidad y carrera en la que estudia). Con base en el modelamiento por ecuaciones estructurales y la participación de 248 estudiantes de nivel superior, se encontró que los factores de carrera, necesidad de información sobre la carrera y ansiedad ante la elección de carrera, explican 55% de la variabilidad de la certeza vocacional. Se encontraron diferencias en los perfiles vocacionales entre los estudiantes de ambas universidades. Estos datos contribuyen a la teoría en relación con la importancia de contar con medidas pertinentes para la toma decisión de carrera.
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Appears in Collections:REVISTA PSICUMEX

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